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Sunday, 23 April 2017

In Learning English

why people who begin learning a second language suddenly throw this business, and how to create their own goals and motivation and pursue them as long as possible? is the fundamental factor in the absence of fires, desires and time?

Based on my own observations, i am inclined to assume that the makings of a static motivation can serve 4 reasons that a whale can be 4 special priorities for novice learners.

1. In many companies, the main factor of employment is the availability of English that at least at the intermediate or upper-intermediate level. Accordingly, when this skill is presence, it opens more doors and perspectives to be arranged at a very good job. In addition, in some countries, knowledge of a second languages is the norm, and to know only one language, quite a decent and acceptable.

2. Personal development. One of the most remarkable goals. After all, not every hobby has such a powerful developmental potential as learning foreign languages. During immersion in the culture and linguistic tradition of other people, we are expanding our ideas about the world, enriching the active or passive vocabulary, enhanced speed stimulate mental activity, trains the memory and imagination.

3. As i have already said - during the immersion in the culture and linguistic tradition of other people,we are expanding our ideas about the world. It helps to be a part of globalization, not be closed against external influences. After all, we are society.

4. And the last point, which was the impetus for the continuation of my studies. it's the atmosphere. That which appeared originally. And that which i have created myself. Every man in his own, it's personal.

Monday, 28 November 2016

Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro, the commander in chief of Cuba revolution and an icon for those that dream of a communist regime, died at age 90 on November 25th 2016. Every death is a sadness, but did Fidel bring any benefits to Cuban and the world during his lifetime? or in bold question,


Western media portrayed him as unpopular leader, a ruthless murderer and a cruel dictator, but black people in Africa or Afro-America don't see him as a monstrous that many westerns think he was. Cuba, like the United States has a slave history, but Afro-Cubans live longer, have better education and have penetrated the cuban middle class. In Africa, Castro's support for anti apartheid efforts in south Africa, Namibia and his support for Angola's independence movement made him a darling of the masses.

Like other communists regime around the world, Fidel achieved power through force of military. He came to power leading an impressive revolution, through great guerilla tactics, against repressive totalitarian military dicatator, Fulgencio Batista who was controlled by American interests, both legitimate and mafia related. Batista was a murderous, vicious thug. With US help, he maintained an extremely repressive dictatorship in which all his political enemies were imprisoned or murdered.

Throughout the 50's and into 80's, the US backed some of notorious dictators the world has ever seen, in the name of stopping communism. Castro then overthrew the pro-US Cuban government and instituted a new government, on that he controlled as a dictator. His time in power was also destructive, with strong persecutions of political opponents, killed thousands of people, and led more than 1 million people to flee their island.

In Castro regime, Cuba, while a poor country, enjoys high standards of medical care. However, doctors are poorly paid. His foreign policy was based on war, with his legionaries providing support to all communists around the globe, with doctors and teachers helping the country to develop.

Dictator aren't always bad, -look Julius Caesar for example-, Roman people wanted Caesar to be their dictator. On the other hand, just as Caesar, Castro had made many enemies in the process and people wanted him to be killed.

I am trying to be objective. Ideally there are always two sides to an issue. Some people think Castro a hero, but some others think he is a traitor.

For all those reasons and more, both Castro and his legacy are complex, and to depict him as an angel or a monster, he was neither. He was deeply flawed man who believed in his ideology and made Cuba free of everyone but itself.

Thursday, 20 October 2016

Jokowi After Two Years

President Joko Widodo is entering the third year of his rule with a much stronger political base and a better coordinated working team in his cabinet. These two factors would make his leadership and economic management more effective in pushing through his people-centered programs during the rest of his tenure until October 2019.

His seems to have learnt many lessons from his first year in office, which was ruin by much political noise and bickering within his own cabinet. The second cabinet reshuffle last July produced a better coordinated working team, especially with the appointment of Sri Mulyani Indrawati, formerly managing director in the World Bank, as the new finance minister at a time the fiscal conditions worsening rapidly.

All key social and economic indicators during the second year show improvement, though not strong as expected. Economic growth is slightly up at 5 percent from 4.79 percent. Even though the performance of his administration is still below expectations of the people who voted for him, the public seems to trust him as the president of the common people, due mainly to his impeccable integrity and his priority programs that are rooted in the greatest interest of the common people.

His stronger political foundation and more in-tune working team will enable him to speed up the implementation of more than a dozen reform package launched since last September to minimize excessive bureaucracy and speed up business licensing and the delivery of public services.

For example, the great success of the tax amnesty will significantly broaden the tax base and increase revenue for financing infrastructure. Which has been on top of Jokowi's program from the beginning. It would be extremely difficult to accelerate economic growth above 5 percent, if the infrastructure gap remain as it is now, because poor and inadequate makes the economy uncompetitive as a result of grossly inefficient logistics.

The remaining major piece of homework for Jokowi is to maintain policy consistency and predictability, which is vital for the efficient and effective implementation of policies and programs. The public sector will perform better when there is stability in macro and strategic policies, and funding of existing policies. This requires attention to the balance between short term and long-term issues.